Web Design Glossary

Like most industries, web design has its own common language. Get up to speed fast on a range of design, marketing and other key general terms.

General

What is a Content Management System (CMS)

When maintaining a web site, it makes sense to provide an admin area for general users to log in and make changes. A CMS is a web admin system (back-end), used to edit and make changes to a website front-end. Additionally, a CMS is made up of a database (to store data) and a large collection of files. Popular CMS platforms include; WordPress, Magento and Shopify.

Marketing

Search Engine Optimisation (SEO)

When a user searches Google for a term, a list of results are shown to them. Additionally, the higher the position, the more traffic that web site will receive for the given term. SEO is a broad process and used to promote a web site in Google by furthering it's position within results.
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Transactional Email

When you buy online, request a password or create an account, you are likely to receive an email to help. We refer to these as transactional emails. Unlike email promos, the purpose is to assist a user with a key process. GDPR rules that govern suggest you do not include marketing in these types of emails.

Design

What are Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

A web designer must control web page elements such as; colour, position and size. CSS are style directives that enable this and enhance the visual appearance. CSS define style attibutes for elements shown on a web page.

What's a Responsive Design

Screen sizes vary across devices. A mobile, tablet and desktop all have varied sizes. Web design shown on a desktop may not be suited for a different device. Therefore, a responsive design is often employed to adapt the style for each device that is detected.

Hamburger Menu

A typical desktop menu does not show well on a mobile screen. A mobile menu tends to be better suited when shown in a pop-out frame. A hamburger menu is a coined phrase used to describe the icon that represents this. Commonly, the hamburger menu is identified by three horizontal lines at the top of the screen.

Parallax

Parallax is a web design technique used in banners and backgrounds. As a user scrolls, the foreground figures move independently from the background. If done well, Parallax can engage the user and improve the experience. The technique can also be used to suggest a shift in perspective.

Security

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)

When you input text into web site, you do so in 'plain text'. If the data is private or sensitive, it's important to protect and avoid someone stealing it. SSL is used in a web page to encrypt this data and make any access to it useless, if in the wrong hands.

Web Application Firewall

The software used to create your website will often come under attack. Third parties may try to get into the website to steal data or install malicious code. To thwart attacks, a firewall can be employed to protect the app (or website). A WAF will block obvious attacks and scan files for any known malicious code.

Back-Door

Most websites and hosting provide a log in area for admin. Hackers may seek to provide their own access area in the form of a back-door script. If they are able to install, access can be repeatedly used by them for their choosing.

Malware

Hackers often install code that could eavesdrop on data relay or send it to another location. Malware is a loose term used to describe illegitimate code with malicious intent.

Two-Tier Authorisation

A random piece of data, usually a telephone code or app code, is used with a known password for access. This method is used to protect secure data. It's presumed that a hacker may only be able to obtain one part.
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Performance

Website Caching

Data needed to load a web page can be vastly spread. As a result, it can be timely to load many sources. Caching collates the data from across the database tables and gathers it all into a file(s) or ram. When a user loads the page, it will be obtained from fewer sources which dramatically improves performance.

Governing Bodies

Payment Card Industry Compliance (PCI)

If a user buys from your website, their data should always be safe. PCI Compliance is a set of governing rules by the major card authorities. It's used to enforce best practice and ensure strict measures are adhered to where card holder data is concerned.
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